September 2010, the UN Summit on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs),
adopted a global action plan to achieve the MDGs by their 2015 target date and
launched the Global Strategy for Women's and Children's Health, aiming to
accelerate progress on women's and children's health (1).
Defend International welcomes these efforts and encourages State Parties
to keep moving toward the attainment of the MDGs with determination.
Children and MDGs
DI Welcomes the Outcomes of the UN Summit on the Millennium
The UN has secured $40 billion in resources to save the
lives of women and children (1).
In fact, over the next five years, it is anticipated that 33 million unwanted
pregnancies will be prevented, as well as the deaths of more than 15 million
children under five, and the death of 740,000 women from causes related to
pregnancy and childbirth (1).
To successfully implement the Global Strategy, several
agencies, including the UN Children's Fund (UNICEF), the Joint UN Programme on
HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), the UN Population Fund (UNFPA), the World Health
Organization (WHO), and the World Bank, have united their efforts to mobilize
ongoing political and operational support to achieving health for all (1). Additionally, other institutions, such as the Global Alliance for
Vaccines and Immunizations (GAVI), the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, and
the Global Fund to Fight HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria are collaborating
with the aforementioned agencies to ensure integrated services and universal
access to health care for all women and children (1).
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are a series of globally agreed social and economic targets that
world leaders have agreed to achieve by 2015. Women and children are an
important entity in the Millennium Development Goals. In other words, the MDGs
consist of the following eight anti-poverty goals, two of which are health
1: Aims to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger (2);
2: Aims to achieve universal primary education (2);
3: Aims to promote gender equality and empower women (2);
4: Aims to reduce by two
thirds the mortality rate among children under five (a health objective)
5: Aims to improve maternal
health (a health objective) (2);
6: Aims to combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases (2);
7: Aims to ensure environmental sustainability (2); and
8: Aims to develop a Global Partnership for Development (2).
Even though many countries have implemented several
approaches to reduce child mortality and infectious disease burdens, the MDGs
are far from being reached.
Based on the priorities set by countries in their national
health plans, the Global Strategy will identify and connect resources, along
with necessary interventions to enhance health and avoid health risks (1).
Defend International has followed the progress and calls upon all States and
all international and regional organizations to actively engage with the United
Nations in the process of achieving the MDGs by 2015.